Equipment: kitchen scales, one liter jars, stainless steel or heat-resistant glass pans, stainless steel or wooden spoon, crystal thermometer, soap model
Materials: 170 grams of water, 75 grams of lye, 455 g of coconut oil
Pour water into the jar, then pour 75 grams of lye, do this in a well-ventilated place, and be careful not to smoke fumes, burn skin or spill solution. After mixing, the water will become very hot, cool to a safe place and attention should be placed out of reach of children.
Pour coconut oil into the pan, heat to 38-54 degrees Celsius; in the absence of mercury thermometer, by use hands carefully and test the temperature, the feeling should be warm or hot, depending on the temperature.
When basic solvent has cooled to room temperature or around 35 degrees Celsius, slowly pour the oil solvent, stirring constantly.
Initially, the solvent color is very clear but as the temperature gets cooler, the color will turn slowly into white. To achieve a color similar to milkshake or yogurt, wait for one to two hours. During this time, you need not stir the mixture; let it stay for a while and then stir it again to prevent clumping. Keep the solvent in a safe warm place.
Mix the solvent to the original mixture one spoonful at a time. If the added solvent will not sink or surface condensation occur, then the resulting mixture can be poured into the molds where the soaps will be formed. These should be left to firm up for 24-48 hours.
If the soap produced is moderately hard, they can be cut easily into the desired shape. Remove from the molds and cut into pieces of any shape or wait for at least two weeks or longer to get the required hardness. When the soap has a sticky and greasy feeling when you use it, more waiting period, or at least one more week is required. Use vinegar to eliminate these sticky and greasy feeling. This is a method of making regular unscented handmade soaps. For scented soap, add the essential oils or fragrances before putting the mixture into molds. Essential oils such as rose, lavender, eucalyptus, sandalwood and clover may be used. Limit the addition of essential oils to the solvent mixture 40 drops as these oils accelerate the reaction solvent, produce extreme heat that will affect the final product.
Ingredients: 2 tablespoons vegetable glycerine, 20-40 drops of essential oil, 1 cup coconut milk
The basic soap making procedure as discussed above is the same. Coconut oil can be added before mixing the lye. First, add the coconut oil with glycerine. Glycerine acts as a softening agent, thus, making the soap mild. Next, add the essential oils with the coconut milk soap base solvent. When the mixture thickens, it is now ready for transfer to the molds for shaping. Allow the mixture to set and thicken as in the procedure mentioned above.
Add 1 ½ cup shaved flakes of handmade bath soap to blended fruits and vegetables. Boil 1 ½ cups of water, then reduce heat temperature. With maintained temperature, add the soap crumbs to the water, stirring constantly, until they are completely dissolved. While the mixture is still hot, stir in ¼ cup glycerine, and wait for it to cool down. Add a few drops of your favorite essential oil such as lavender or lemon juice; a light aroma is enough. When the finished products liquify, they can now be poured into plastic bottles. The consistency of the shampoo can be thick or thin, depending on the amount of soap chips used. It is recommended to use just enough amount to achieve a liquid form of shampoo.
Mixing coconut oil and palm oil, can make a good soap, too. For basic soap procedure, refer to the above-mentioned process. In the mixture, the amount of coconut oil to be used as ingredient is 230 gms. only and add an equal amount or 230gms of palm oil. Reduce also the amount of lye to only 62 gms. Other kinds of oils, including olive oil, can also be used. Do not change the proportion of coconut oil in the recipe provided above; at least 50% of coconut oil do.
June 9, 2017
November 21, 2016
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